Urinary Tract Infections
Simple urinary tract infections are relatively easily treated using antibiotics if they occur infrequently.
Progressive urinary tract infections can be signs of more serious urologic disease including obstruction of urinary passage from the kidney or bladder, signs of kidney stones as well as patients who have a tendency to develop more frequent urinary tract infections which can lead to more serious urologic issues in the future. The signs and symptoms of more serious urinary tract infections can include: fever, nausea, lower abdominal pain, flank pain, lower back pain, blood in the urine, foul smelling urine, cloudy urine, irritative urinary symptoms including burning, going more often, urge to void frequently and incontinence.
Workup of more serious urinary tract infections typically includes radiologic imaging with renal ultrasound or a CT scan to assess for kidney infections or obstruction as well as possible cystoscopy to assess the bladder and importantly urine cultures to be sure that the appropriate antibiotics are delivered and followed up urine evaluations to be sure that it is fully treated.